AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is a virus that is mainly transmitted by having sex with an infected partner. HIV also is spread through contact with infected blood, which frequently occurs among injection drug users who share needles or syringes contaminated with blood from someone infected with the virus. Women with HIV can transmit the virus to their babies during pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding. For HIV infections borne by blood, reducing the extent of sharing of needle and injecting equipment among drug users, and sterilizing equipment used in blood transfusions and medical procedures, are essential. Reducing the chances that infected blood and blood products are transfused (through screening, avoiding unnecessary blood transfusions and excluding infected donors) is also important.
AIDS Researcher Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, “several social norms and immature behavior fueled of this disease to scatter rapidly. There are several social components link to develop this harmful situation. Poverty-behind to force it, Gender discrimination plays a vital role; Frustration & risk behavior help to sink humanity resulting infection. The link between poverty & gender discrimination are help to decline socio economic prosperity. This link creates several anti social poisonous issues also. Such as trafficking to prostitute, sell sex for earn or living, break down family norm to create frustration and driven drug point. We notice easily that Illiteracy is the main watchword of all circumstance. So it is not easy to remove it from the society, several programs & strategy are needed to gain sustainable position”.
The Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation identified four major approaches in a groundbreaking study on spread out HIV in Asia. This study undertook by comparing of social-economic norm, family pattern, economic dependency, cause of mounting sex industries, gender discrimination status & global analysis fact. There are four factors that appear to play a crucial role in HIV transmission in Asian countries: Injection/ intravenous drug use (By sharing needle), female sex work (Due to lack of safe sex knowledge), gender discrimination (which indirectly force females commercial or non-commercial sex), Same sex/ homosexually/ Hijara (Due to lack of HIV/AIDS information, because they act invisible in this society). Poverty & illiteracy fueled it proportionally.
Logically, the most efficacious interventions to prevent the transmission of HIV are those that lower transmission rates among people who, because of their high rates of sexual partner change or increased susceptibility to infection (or both), are most likely to get infected with HIV and to transmit the virus to others. Injecting drug users, sex workers and their clients and adolescents who are either unaware of the risks posed by unprotected sex or unable to protect themselves from the risk of infection are key groups to focus on for HIV/AIDS prevention. The most striking successes in HIV prevention in these cohorts have been with sex worker communities in South Asia where, despite circumstances that are highly favourable to the transmission of HIV, interventions that combine peer education with STI management and condom promotion, together with support services to improve the empowerment of sex workers and their ability to negotiate condom use with their clients, have succeeded in keeping HIV prevalence at low levels. Similar success has been achieved with intensive harm reduction programmes for injecting drug users in countries such as Nepal and Pakistan -- at least for a period.
Urban Development Center (UDC)