Like any complicated machine, not all kidneys work perfectly. When someone's kidneys have problems for a long time, doctors call it a chronic kidney disease. Children's kidney problems are either congenital or acquired. The difference is that a congenital problem exists from the day someone is born. An acquired kidney problem develops over time, often due to an injury, kidney infection, or other illness.
Many congenital kidney problems are hereditary, which means they're passed down through a person's genes. Acquired kidney problems are not hereditary. In order for this filtering process to occur properly, the blood pressure and blood flow to the kidneys must be adequate. If the arteries leading to the kidney are diseased, the filtering process will be affected.
Many diseases can irreversibly damage or injure the kidneys. Acute kidney failure can become chronic if kidney function does not recover after treatment. Therefore, anything that can cause acute kidney failure can cause chronic kidney failure. However, the most common cause of chronic kidney failure is diabetes mellitus, followed by high blood pressure (hypertension).
If your urine is a deep orange color, you are most likely dehydrated. Any blood in the urine is cause for alarm. In combination, dark-colored urine associated with sharp pains in the kidney region should be a red flag for you to seek help immediately. For less severe symptoms, you should dramatically increase your intake of water and/or cranberry juice. Make an appointment to see a doctor if this does not alleviate minor symptoms and you still notice unusual urine secretions.
Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys. See detailed information below for a list of causes and Kidney symptoms, including diseases and drug side effect causes.
• Puffiness around the eyes, particularly in the morning.
• Swelling of the legs and sometimes of the whole body.
• Burning sensation while urinating.
• Lack of Concentration
• Red or coffee colored urine.
• Increasing weakness.
• Pain in the back just below the ribs.
• High blood pressure.
The causes of the above kidney diseases include infections that migrate upward from the urinary tract and exposure to certain drugs or toxins. Kidney problems are often a complication of other disorders, such as diabetes, lupus, high blood pressure, and liver disease. If kidney function is seriously impaired, toxic wastes cannot be properly eliminated and may accumulate in the blood stream, resulting in uremic poisoning, and a sign of potential kidney failure.
Prevention for Kidney Diseases: -
• If you have diabetes, your doctor will tell you what to do to keep your blood sugar level normal. You will probably need to change your diet, get more exercise and/or take medicine.
• If you smoke, you must quit. Smoking damages the kidneys. It also raises blood pressure and interferes with medicines used to treat high blood pressure.
• If you have high blood pressure, it is important to lower your blood pressure. These medicines lower blood pressure and may help keep your kidney disease from getting worse. Exercise and a healthy diet can also help to lower your blood pressure.